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Corbett Tiger Sanctuary

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Beginning as 'Hailey National Park' in 1936, this park in Uttar Pradesh is one of the world's oldest National Parks, and India's first modern attempt at conservation. In 1952 it became Ramganga National Park, and in 1957 Corbett National Park, after Jim Corbett the writer of 'Man-eaters of Kumaon' who was instrumental in establishing the park. In 1973 Corbett became a Project Tiger reserve, and by the late eighties merged with the Sonadi Wildlife Sanctuary to reach a size of over 1300

Corbett lies in the foothills of the Himalayas, about 300km Northeast of Delhi. Access to 330 core area is restricted to safaris by jeep and Forest Department elephant, but it is possible to trek on foot in the surrounding reserve forests that extend the buffer zone to 520 The park is divided into three distinct geographical areas; the visitor will observe hilly areas of deciduous mixed forests, as well as low lying grassland with ravines and vast dense forests of Sal trees. The magnificent Ramganga River flows through the heart of the park bringing a continuous supply of water.Crested Serpent Eagle

This varied topography results in an abundance of indigenous fauna and flora. There are 110 tree species, 37 species of grass and bamboo, 50 mammals, 25 reptiles and nearly 600 bird species. Due to its location Corbett is the only Indian National Park where the Himalayan black bear, Himalayan palm civet and the Ghoral are found, but they are rarely seen. This altitude and latitude also ensure that night time temperatures remain far more comfortable during the hot months.

There are large herds of the four resident deer species, as well as breeding herds of elephants. The former migration routes of the elephants were cut off by a hydro-electric project during the 70's, however a good population remains and these are most likely to be seen in the Dhikala area of the park during the summer months when they come down from the hills. Two of the most interesting reptiles are the Gharial (fish eating crocodile) and the mugger crocodile, found on the Ramganga River and reservoir, along with Tawny Fish Owl and Great Thick Knee. Although Corbett has a significant tiger population, sightings are less common due to the dense habitat, it is however a birders paradise and a beautiful location for mammal enthusiasts. Leopards, lesser cats and civets, sloth bear and a large number of jackals are also present, mammal viewing becomes easier from February onwards when vegetation levels are lower.

The park is open from 15th November to June, and can be reached by overnight train from Delhi or by road. Most quality lodges are located near the Kosi River, where Ibisbill might be seen (Nov-Mar) along with Crested Kingfishers. However we strongly recommend at least 2/3 nights in Dhikla; the accommodation may be simple, but the wildlife experience is special. There are not many parks that allow you to stay inside so this option at Dhikala is a special treat for wildlife enthusiasts.

The hill stations of Raniket and Nainital can be reached by spectacular mountain routes climbing steeply from the river valley at Corbett. These locations are a must for birders and walkers alike, looking for higher altitude species such as the Lammergeier and keen to take in the magnificence of the views of the Himalayan Mountains.







 Sasan Gir



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